Feminist philosophical work is making an impact in other areas of philosophy such as metaphysics (Charlotte Witt, Sally Haslanger, Marilyn Frye, Christine Battersby), aesthetics (Peg Brand, Cynthia Freeland), and the philosophy of religion (Pamela Sue Anderson, Ellen Armour, Gail Jantzen).
For those who would critique feminist philosophy as motivated by political concerns and thus not a pure philosophy, Alcoff providers a reminder that much work in the history of western philosophy emerged out of particular political motivations, including the work of René Descartes (1596–1650), Immanuel Kant (1724–1804), John Locke (1632–1704), and Bertrand Russell (1872–1970). As Alcoff explains, "like Kant, feminist philosophers are committed to using philosophical methods to clarify and disempower the current dogmatisms that inhibit political advance" (p. 55).
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Alcoff, Linda Martín. 2001. "On Judging Epistemic Credibility: Is Social Identity Relevant?" In Engendering Rationalities, edited by Nancy Tuana and Sandra Morgen. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001.
Anderson, Pamela Sue. A Feminist Philosophy of Religion: The Rationality and Myths of Religious Belief. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.
Antony, Louise M. "Quine as Feminist: The Radical Import of Naturalized Epistemology." In A Mind of One's Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, edited by Louise M. Antony and Charlotte Witt. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1993.
Armour, Ellen T. Deconstruction, Feminist Theology and the Problem of Difference: Subverting the Race/Gender Divide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Babbitt, Susan E. Impossible Dreams: Rationality, Integrity, and Moral Imagination. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996.
Baier, Annette. A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Battersby, Christine. The Phenomenal Woman: Feminist Metaphysics and the Patterns of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. Translated and edited by H. M. Parshley. New York: Knopf, 1953.
Bordo, Susan. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
Brand, Peg, and Mary Devereaux, eds. "Women, Art, and Aesthetics." Special issue of Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 18, no. 4 (2003), entire issue.
Card, Claudia. Lesbian Choices. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
Code, Lorraine. What Can She Know? Feminist Theory and the Construction of Knowledge. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Cooper, Anna Julia. A Voice from the South. Xenia, Ohio: Aldine, 1892.
Conley, John J. The Suspicion of Virtue: Women Philosophers in Neoclassical France. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002.
Deutscher, Penelope. Yielding Gender: Feminism, Deconstructionism, and the History of Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1997.
Dykeman, Therese Boos, ed. The Neglected Canon: Nine Women Philosophers First to the Twentieth Century. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic, 1999.
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Freeland, Cynthia. But Is It Art?: An Introduction to Art Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Frye, Marilyn. The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory. Trumansburg, N.Y.: Crossing Press, 1983.
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Goldman, Emma. The Traffic in Women and Other Essays in Feminism. New York: Times Change Press, 1970.
Grosz, Elizabeth A. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1994.
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Haslanger, Sally. "Feminism and Metaphysics: Negotiating the Natural." In Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy, edited by Miranda Fricker and Jennifer Hornsby. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
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Jantzen, Gail. Becoming Divine: Towards a Feminist Philosophy of Religion. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 1998.
Kittay, Eva. Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency. New York: Routledge, 1999.
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Women have been struggling for over a hundred years to gain basic rights that are equal to men in our society. The feminist movement earned women the right to vote, but there were no acceptable roles that women could accept in the workforce. Over the last century the roles that women were socially accepted in became greater. Finally in the early Twenty-first Century, women have achieved much of the equality they have always wanted. Feminism is actually a term that works to explain the struggle of women to gain equal rights politically, socially and economically. There have been many gains for women but there is a ways left to go.
Negative Stereotypes of Feminist
One of the major problems with the feminist movement is that it perpetuates many stereotypes which are simply not true but based on the behaviors of a small minority of those in the feminist movement. When a woman identifies herself as a feminist it should mean that she is in favor of not being discriminated against because of her sex. Economically women have traditionally been paid less than men to complete the same task. This blatant inequity needed to be addressed because if you can pay someone less, the statement being made is that they are not worth as much.
When a woman stands up for herself in the workplace or in society at large, there are a lot of generalizations that people unfairly characterize them with. They are assumed to be difficult, unhappy and dislike all men. However this is simply a use of stereotyping that generalizes all women and makes it difficult for real dialogue to occur. Whenever a generalization is presented as a truth then the individuality of all women is jeopardized. This is particularly the case, even today when the issue of rape is mentioned. Often times the legal system of the United States make it difficult on the victim and in some cased place the blame on them for a unwanted sexual attack, that the trauma of the trial is worse than the attack itself. This needs to be changed so that all women are secure in their bodies and well being wherever they are.
When it comes to the feminist movement there have been a lot of significant advances toward women gaining equality in all aspects of life. Even though women have come a long way over that past one hundred years there is still a ways to go in order to make sure that the dignity of all people is protected. There are many men and women in the world who can celebrate the differences that exist between people without discriminating against them.
Posted by July 7th, 2016