Dissertation Appendix Format For Apa

Dissertation Format

The completed dissertation contains five chapters (see specific information about page layout and text requirements in the Dissertation Guide section of Lamson Library page):

 

Chapter 1: Introduction and Purpose of the Study. This chapter makes a case for the significance of the problem. It provides an introduction to the basic components of the study and states the research question(s) that guide the inquiry. It should include an overview of the purpose and focus of the study, why it is significant, how it was conducted, and how it will contribute to professional knowledge and practice. Research questions are directly tied to the purpose. They should be specific, clearly stated, and open ended (stay away from yes/no questions if you can). Research questions cue readers to the direction the study will take and help to delineate the scope of the study.

 

Chapter 2: Literature Review. This chapter locates the study in the context of previous research and scholarly material pertaining to the topic, presents a critical synthesis of relevant literature according to themes or variables, and outlines the theoretical or conceptual framework of the study. A high quality literature review incorporates: a comprehensive and thoughtful selection of resources that cover the material directly related to the study’s problem statement, purpose, and research questions; primary sources and empirical research studies; and correct use of American Psychological Association (APA) format, citations, and references.

 

Chapter 3: Methodology. This chapter situates the study within a particular methodological tradition, provides a rationale for that approach, describes the research setting and sample, and describes data collection and analysis methods. The chapter provides a detailed description of all aspects of the design and procedures of the study.

 

Chapter 4: Data Analysis and Findings. This chapter reports study findings, including the presentation of relevant quantitative (statistical) and qualitative (narrative) data. A clear, complete, and valid representation of the data (e.g. patterns, themes) that have emerged as a result of the study are reported in this chapter. Findings are presented objectively, without speculation. Presentation of data findings should be related to the research questions and focus of the study.

 

Chapter 5: Conclusions and Suggestions for Further Research (or Analysis and Synthesis; or Conclusions and Recommendations). This chapter synthesizes and discusses the results in light of the study’s research questions, literature review, and conceptual framework. This chapter reflects a deep understanding of what lies beneath the findings—that is, what those findings really mean. Interpretation is presented systematically, and is related to the themes or patterns that have emerged. This chapter presents a set of concluding statements and recommendations based on findings, and warranted by the findings. This chapter reflects the contribution the researcher has made to the knowledge and practice in his or her field of study. In many ways, it provides validation for the researcher’s entrance into the ranks of the body of scholars in the field.

 

How do I create an APPENDIX in APA style?

 


What is an appendix?

  • A section at the end of a paper that includes information that is too detailed for the text of the paper itself and would "burden the reader" or be "distracting," or "inappropriate" (APA, 2010, p. 38-9).
  • The content in the appendices should be "easily presented in print format" (APA, 2010, p. 39).
    • Examples:
      • lists of length (short lists belong in the paper itself)
      • detailed descriptions (essential details should be in the paper itself)
      • a list of articles that support data but are not referred to in the paper itself
      • demographic details for subpopulations studied by the paper

 


 

Where does the Appendix appear in the paper?

  • The appendices section, if there is one, is close to the last section of your APA-style paper:
    • title page
    • abstract
    • text of paper
    • references list
    • tables 
    • figures
    • appendices
    • footnotes (APA, 2010, p. 229-230). (Rarely used)

 


 

How to format an appendix:

  • You may have more than one appendix (aka appendices)
  • Each appendix should deal with a separate topic
  • Each appendix must be referred to by name (Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.) in the text of the paper
    • To refer to the Appendix within your text, write, (see Appendix A) at the end of the sentence in parentheses. Example:
      • In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al. (2002) reviewed studies that focused on international bank employees and college students (see Appendix B for demographic information).
  • Each appendix must be labeled with a letter (A, B, C, etc.) according to where it appears in the paper.
      • The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A
      • The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B
      • If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on.
      • If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix
  • Each appendix must also have a title
  • Begin each appendix on a separate page
  • Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization. Label first, title second.
  • Paragraphs
    • The first paragraph is flush left and not indented.
    • The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are.
    • All paragraphs are double spaced.
  • If your appendices include tables or figures, treat them as they would be treated in the main text.
    • See the Abstracts and Appendices page of the APA Guide for more information.
    • Exception to the tables/figures numbering rule: add the letter of the appendix (A, B, C, etc.) to the figure or table number (e.g., Table B3 would be the third table in Appendix B).
  • If your appendices use information from an outside source, cite it parenthetically within the text of the appendix and include the reference in the main references list for the paper (do not create a separate references list).

 


 

A sample appendix is below.

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